Vaginal bleeding is a common symptom experienced by many moms-to-be during the first trimester of pregnancy. Pregnancy bleeding occurs in 2 out of 10 women during the early stages and in most cases it is not associated with miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Generally, first time pregnant mothers confuse the symptoms of spotting with bleeding, so it is necessary to check with your medical practitioner.
How spotting is different from bleeding?
Spotting is when you see a few drops of blood now and then which may not enough to cover a panty liner whereas bleeding is a heavy flow of blood which requires a sanitary pad or panty liner to avoid staining of the clothes. Spotting occurs when the fertilized egg implants itself to the uterus wall which occurs between 6- 12 days after you got conceived. Serious bleeding in early pregnancy needs to be checked immediately so if you spot heavy flow of blood, contact your gynecologist or visit the nearest hospital to get treatment.
Does spotting causes any harm?
Light bleeding during early pregnancy may occur due to various reasons so it is advisable to let your gynecologist know about your health condition. If you have a normal pregnancy confirmed through ultrasound, inform your doctor during the next visit. If you have not had an ultrasound scan and sense spotting, it is crucial to consult your doctor as early as possible. Sometimes spotting occurs if the fetus grows outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy) which is not safe for the mother.
Causes of vaginal bleeding
It is possible to experience bleeding in pregnancy due to the following reasons:
- Implantation of fertilized egg in the uterus
- Infection in the vagina
- Sexual intercourse
- Hormonal changes etc.
Apart from these, there are other reasons for early vaginal bleeding which are as follows:
Infection – Any kind of infection in the vagina and cervix due to sexually transmitted diseases may cause bleeding in the first trimester. It is important to use protection while have sex in all the three trimesters.
Change in the cervix – During intercourse, there is possibility of change in the cervix which may result in bleeding. However, this type is bleeding is nothing to worry about.
However, if there is a heavy bleeding then it might be a sign for miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy or molar pregnancy (pregnancy not formed properly). It is necessary to visit the hospital if you experience heavy bleeding in pregnancy, bleeding with pain and dizziness or abnormal pain in the belly and pelvis region.