Your little bundle of joy not only holds the key to your happiness but also precious lifesavers that could keep him healthy for a lifetime and retain the happiness of you and your family. Stem cells, the precious lifesavers are safely packed inside the umbilical cord – nature’s way of gifting your child with good health for a lifetime. Often, we discard this nature’s gift as biological waste but it possesses the ability to renew and heal the damaged cells in the body. Stem Cells – What are they? Stem cells are the basic building blocks of our body, having the potential to either differentiate into specialized body cells or divide and produce more stem cells. These mother cells form organs, muscles, tissue, bone, blood, hair, skin and other parts of the body. The different types of stem cells include embryonic stem cells, umbilical cord stem cells, bone marrow stem cells and adult stem cells. These stem cells have the ability to renew and repair body cells that undergo damage due to injury or aging. This healing property of stem cells helps the body to recover from illness, injury and other medical conditions. Embryonic stem cells are more viable and effective in treating medical conditions, but it is the basis of forming life and cannot be used in research. The bone marrow stem cells and umbilical cord stem cells are the preferred choices for stem cell therapies. Although bone marrow stem cells are widely used in clinical research and treatments, the risk of rejection is high in transplants and it is difficult to find matching donor units. Thus, umbilical cord stem cell transplants are preferred as they are readily available. Umbilical Cord Stem Cells Umbilical cord connecting the baby with the mother has rich source of powerful stem cells, found in the blood and the cord tissue (cord itself). Usually, the umbilical cord is cut and discarded after delivery which also contains stem cells. If collected and preserved properly, these stem cells can remain viable for decades and can be used anytime for the treatment of many medical conditions. The umbilical cord has two types of stem cells based on their source of origin:
- Stem cells found in the umbilical cord blood are hematopoietic (blood related) in nature. These stem cells have the ability to treat immune and blood related medical conditions.
- Stem cells in the umbilical cord tissue are mesenchymal stem cells. They are useful in regenerative medicine.
Cord Blood Stem Cells Cord blood stem cells can give rise to all types of blood cells such as red blood corpuscles (RBCs), white blood corpuscles (WBCs) and platelets. They are responsible for immunity in our body and maintain the immune system by producing immune cells. These stem cells have the ability to treat blood disorders like leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell anaemia etc., and immune related conditions. Cord Tissue Stem Cells Cord tissue stem cells have the ability to produce more than one type of specialized cells. They have the capacity for cell renewal and tissue repair, thus find their application in regenerative medicine. They are capable of treating inflammatory disorders, blood vessel, bone and cartilage repair, muscle regeneration etc. These stem cells present in the cord have more primitive properties when compared to other sources. Thus, they are effective for clinical application and currently used in various ongoing researches across the world. Preserving Umbilical Cord Stem Cells According to various researches, it is proved that umbilical cord stem cells can be used for treating medical conditions such as Leukemia, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anemia, Lymphoma, Neuroblastoma, Cerebral palsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Spinal cord injury, Crohn’s disease, graft versus host disease, Type I Diabetes, Ischemic heart disease, Myocardial Infarction etc. You can preserve your baby’s precious stem cells through a simple and non invasive process called Umbilical Cord Stem Cell Banking. It takes only 10 minutes to collect the umbilical cord blood and tissue right after delivery and preserved under cryogenic conditions for later use. Preserve these life saving stem cells and extend the nature’s special gift of good health for your child.